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FAMILY

LESSON 1. FAMILY TIES

Стр. 4 ynp 1

Last summer I spent in the South with my family. We went to the Crimea to our relatives.

Though we went to the South together I didn't spent much time with my parents because mostly I spent time with my cousins and their friends of the same age.

I enjoyed that time a lot as we hung out with my cousins and their friends all days long going to the beach, sunbathing, swimming, diving, playing volleyball and having fun.

Стр. 4 упр. 2 a) Nuclear family.

Стр. 4 упр. 2 b)

Family tree is a diagram showing the relationships between people in several generations of a family; a genealogical tree.

Extended family is a family that extends beyond the nuclear family, including grandparents, aunts, uncles, and other relatives, who all live nearby or in one household.

Middle-class family is a family belonging to the social group between the upper and working classes, including professional and business workers.

Immediate family is all close relatives.

Family ties are family relations between family members, based on close personal relationship.

Стр. 5 упр. 3 b)

1. James is talking about nuclear family.

2. He has got 2 siblings: a little sister and a big sister.

3. He means that he is thankful to his parents for everything they have done for him.

4. James' brother passed a year ago.

5. He feels sorry about it but he says that when he has trouble, needs help it is his brother who is looking down on him, helping him out.

6. James' family can be described as a tight-knit, united, friendly family.

Стр. 5 упр. 4 а) Ь) Listening.

Стр. 6 упр. 3 а) Ь)

The -hood suffix refers to the state or condition of the word it modifies, or the whole group it describes.

1. An example of the-hood suffix is the area in which you live with your neighbors, referred to as your neighborhood.

2. An example of the-hood suffix is the group of women you relate to, referred to as the sisterhood.

Adulthood, babyhood, bachelorhood, boyhood, brotherhood, childhood, falsehood, fatherhood, girlhood, hardihood, knighthood, livelihood, likelihood, maidenhood, maidenhood, manhood, motherhood, neighborhood, neighbourhood, monkshood, nationhood, orphanhood, parenthood, person-hood, priesthood, sainthood, serfhood, sisterhood, unlikelihood, widowhood, womanhood, likelihood, queenhood.

Стр. 6 упр. 6 a)

My immediate family means the world for me. It means so much for me that I'm ready to do the world for them because they mean so much for me. Though I care a lot for my immediate family, my extended family is of great importance for me as well. I have two siblings: an elder brother and a younger sister. I respect my elder brother a lot and I always ready to help my sister. So I get on well with my siblings. The number of things I appreciate everything my family has done for me. The number one thing that I really appreciate the most is how my parents brought me into this world. The number two thing is how every time I get into trouble or do something stupid, they are always on my side, no matter if I'm right or wrong, they always have my back to the fullest. In my family my granddad passed away some years ago. When I had trouble and needed help it was granddad who was helping me out.

LESSON 2. THE FAMILY YOU COME FROM Стр. 7 упр. 1a)

Looking at the photographs below we can see different types of families. Стр. 7 упр. lb)

A typical family consists of a mother, father and one or two children. A family with 3 children is considered to be large and such a family even has rights to receive some scanty privileges.

Typical families are different in different countries. The number of children makes them different.

The number of children and one parent is the thing that is unusual about the families in the pictures above.

Стр. 7 упр. 1 с)

A. - picture number 1.

B. - picture number 2.

C. - picture number 3.

Стр. 9 упр. 2b)

A. Orphanage; sibling; SOS Children's village.

B. To make headlines; sextuplets; to ferry.

C. COO; berate; to respect.

Стр. 9 упр. 2 c)

I would like to read the last story in its complete version because it's a dramatic story. It's really hard to imagine how it is possible to fire your own father, to fire a person who gave you birth, brought you into this world, a person who educated you and tried to endow with you all the best things and traits he possesses. So this story interested me because I would love to feel deeply the whole situation while reading the complete version.

Стр. 9 упр. 3 a) b)

Past Simple is used to denote an action that started and finished in the past. Past Perfect is used to denote an action that started and finished before another action in the past.

Past Continuous is used to denote an action that was in the duration in a particular moment in the past.

Present Simple is used to denote a repeated action in the present. Present Perfect is used to denote an action that completed up to the present and has an obvious result.

Future Simple is used to denote an action that will happen in the indefinite future.

Present Continuous is used to denote an action that in the process in the present.

Стр. 10 упр. 4 a)

Are, take in, do not belong, have never seen, had ravaged, started, were adopted, can, is really taking, will develop.

Стр. 10 упр. 5 a)

Today, dear friends, I want to tell you an amazing story about the friendship between two very different animals.

A red cat and a deer is an unusual couple, is not it? Such a friendship is a very rare and unusual phenomenon, which in nature is not common in the nature . However, in Odessa's Zoo the staff and a great amount of visitors can observe this wonderful picture. An ordinary red yard cat comes in the aviary that is roe deer's home almost every day. Together, they spend a lot of time, they can spend hours lying on the grass and enjoying the sun. The two of them show each other very warm, friendly feelings and attitude for a long time. One can be unwittingly touched by this, watching how they rub muzzles, greeting each other. Look at the picture and you will have no doubt that this is true. Sometimes people can learn from their four-legged counterparts.

Стр. 10 упр. 5 Ь)

My family is typical. But members of an unusual family differ greatly from a typical family. The advantages of an unusual family are a larger family network, social relationships and so on. There really are little disadvantages other than possible less attention by parents due to a larger number of dependants. So an unusual family can be a heaven and hell both.

— you can have person to share your problems ;

— you can avoid loneliness;

— your works becomes easier when other shares and helps

— money problems;

— may be messy;

— can cause unusual fights.

LESSON 3. LOVE IS THE KEY!

Стр. 10 упр. 1 Listening.

SOS Children's Villages is an independent, non-governmental international development organisation which has been working to meet the needs and protect the interests and rights of children since 1949.

SOS Children's Villages focuses on the child's development into a self-supporting and contributing member of society. A child's development to his or her full potential is best released in a caring family environment. Recognising the role of the child in his/her own development, as well as the role of his/her family, community, state and other service providers, they work together with all relevant stakeholders to find the most appropriate response to the situation of children at risk of losing parental care and those without parental care. Based on the specific situation and best interests of the child, programme interventions are developed and actions are taken. Together with other stakeholders, the organisation builds on the foundation of existing resources, initiatives and capacities, strengthening these where required. In this way, SOS responds with relevant interventions, making best use of available resources, and so have a greater impact on the situation of the children within our target group.

Стр.11 упр. 2

Unfortunately nowadays many countries face the problem of abandoned children.

I think in Belarus there are not many neglected children because the government is keeping an eye on this problem permanently and doesn't let similar cases exist.

Стр.11 упр. 3 a)

The picture below illustrates the map of Belarus with the points of three SOS-KINDERDORF International organizations matched.

Стр.11 упр. 3 a) b) c) Listening

Стр.13 упр. 4 a) b) After Listening exercises.

Стр.13 упр. 5

I suppose that the second and the last quotations refer to the lesson because they two fully describe the aroused problem of abandoned children in this lesson.

LESSON 4. HOW MODALS FUNCTION

Стр. 14, ynp.l

All members of the family have particular duties that are shared among them. Responsibilities of the son. Son helps father in some household activities such as doing simple home repairs, gardening and cleaning the car. He helps mother in the kitchen and in other household tasks. He also assists in other activities in the home like running errands, taking care of younger brother or sister, watering the plants and some house cleaning.

Responsibilities of the daughter. Daughters helps mother do some of the household tasks like marketing, cooking, washing dishes, cleaning, and keeping the house in order. She also helps in taking care of the younger brothers or sisters. She may assist brother in other household tasks like gardening, changing bed sheets and curtains and taking care of the laundry.

The benefit derived from training every member of the family to do any kind of household work, considering his age and health condition, is that everyone can be relied upon to do the work in the absence of the other. It also encourages unity and cooperation in making the home a beautiful and happy place to live in.

Стр. 14, у пр. 2 a) b)

Words ending in -ity or -tion means "state", "quality". Affectivity, analyticity, antigravity, aromaticity, bankability, bioactiv-ity, capillarity, cardinality, castability, catholicity, circularity, coilability, colinearity, commonality, communality, conjugality, conspicuity, coplana-rity, corporality, credibility, criminality, directivity, disquantity, domesticity, drapability.

Celebration, calibration, caption, notation, capitalization, discussion, question, alliteration, action, section, recommendation, station, creation, animation, domination, reaction, direction, correction, sensation, relation, destination, elevation, complication.

Стр. 14, ynp.3 a) b) Listening

Стр. 14, ynp.3 c)

— obligation;

— prohibition;

— recommendation.

— probability;

— necessity;

Стр. 14, ynp. 4 a)

A. Obligation, obligation;

B. Probability, probability;

C. Necessity, necessity;

D. Prohibition, prohibition;

E. Recommendation.

Стр. 15, ynp.4 b)

I would like to read D article as it seems to me one of the most daily important one. Prohibition of doing bad things and the way to do that correctly is one of the most actual matter of nowadays issues.

Стр. 15, у пр. 5 a)

1. Should.

2. Must.

3. Have to.

4. Musn't.

5. Ought to.

6. Should (ought to).

7. Should.

8. Must.

9. Don't have.

10. Have to.

Стр. 16, ynp.l b)

1. The modal verb'should'.

2. The modal verb'must'.

3. The modal verb'must'.

4. The modal verb'must'.

5. The modal verb'must'.

6. The modal verb'should'.

7. The modal verb 'have to'.

8. The modal verb'should, ought to'.

9. The modal verb ' don' t have to'.

10. The modal verb'mustnt'.

Стр. 16, упр. 5 d)

1.-7. 2.-1. 3.-2. 4.-8. 5.—10. 6.-6. 7.-3. 8.-5. 9.-9. 10.— 4.

Стр. 16, упр. 6

I can't say that I'm always happy to fulfill my family obligations because sometimes I don't have enough time to do that. But anyway, I agree that all members of the family should have obligations. So for those who hate family obligations I would recommend to think over that all duties should be shared among all members because it's impossible that one person will do everything for the whole family and of course you don't want to be at his shoes. I can't say that I hear a lot of prohibition from my parents but sometimes I do and that makes me struggle against them. So authoritarian parents shouldn't be very persistent and bossy, they should behave in the way to be closer to their child if they want their child consider their opinion. There's a little possibility that parents will follow their teen's advice. But for my parents this probability is quiet high.

LESSON 5. CRYING OUT FOR HELP

Стр. 17, ynp.l a)

— A weight watcher who goes on a diet by giving up candy bars before breakfast.

— Someone who can hear a song by Madonna played three blocks away but not his mother calling from the next room.

— A student who will spend 12 minutes studying for her history exam and 12 hours for her driver's license.

— An enthusiast who has the energy to ride a bike for miles, but is usually too tired to dry the dishes.

— A connoisseur of two kinds of fine music: Loud and Very Loud.

— A girl who loves the cat and tolerates her brother.

— A person who is always late for dinner but always on time for a rock concert.

— A budding beauty who never smiles until her braces come off.

— An original thinker who is positive that her mother was never a teenager.

Стр. 17, упр. 2 a) b)c)

Top 10 Issues Facing Our Youth Today :

Now that we are well into the new Millennium society has begun to recognize serious concerns with issues that kids have to deal with today. Some issues have always been there but are now coming to the eyes of the public to find solutions. Other issues are new trends as society begins to adapt to a faster pace of life. Below are the top 10 issues facing our youth today.

10. Single Parent Households

The problems begin at home. Since the 1950s, the number of single parent homes has consistently increased to the point of catastrophe. Today 14 million single parents are responsible for 28 million children. Raising a child is difficult enough in a two parent home, especially in tough economic conditions. The situation is even direr when there is only one parent Economically, a single parent is likely to bring less income home. This equates to fewer opportunities for such vital necessities as education. Trying to make ends meet also takes time - time that is spent away from children who need a parent's guiding/influence. Absent a parent's diligent guidance, children become subject to higher dropout rates, higher risk of dangerous sexual behaviors and pregnancies, higher chances of drug and alcohol abuse - etc It truly takes a village to raise a child.

9. Drug/Alcohol Abuse

There was a time in cinematic history where virtually every actor/ actress was portrayed on screen with a cigarette in hand. Smoking, it was implied, was cool. As a result everyone was doing it, including kids Well as awareness to the danger of smoking increased, "cool" images of smoking disappeared. Unfortunately, the same can't be said about drugs and alcohol These vices are staples in everyday media. Simply, drinking and using drugs is shown as being cool. The numbers bear the tale. 21% of high school seniors say they get high and 41% of the same group report drinking alcohol. Our kids are literally moving around in an intoxicated daze. Immature behavior is then amplified due to being under the influence. Drunk driving, poor grades and attendance, anti-social and violent behavior and the list goes on.

8. Growing up too Fast

There was a time when kids enjoyed being kids. Today, even at the earliest of ages, children are partaking in adult activities with serious consequences Similar to what we see with alcohol and drugs, sex is a very popular and portrayed subject matter. The movies, TV, the internet, essentially everywhere a kid turns he or she is bombarded with sexual suggestions. In fact, there are entire TV series marketed directly to kids dealing with sex - the egregious being The Secret Lives of an American Teenager and Teen Mom, to name two Music is a culprit as well. Songs have always had sexual innuendos, but at least back m the day" you had to be old enough to understand them. Today it s all about "How low can you go" and "baby let me sex you up." Kids are having sex as early as 10 and 11, with teen pregnancies increasingly on the rise. The concept of childhood is literally being wiped out.

7. Violence in Schools

A child's education is the foundation from which he or she will be able to go forth out into the world and build a life. Schools play a major role in this endeavor, and therefore it is reasonable to expect that these places of learning would be safe havens for the children while they are preparing for adulthood. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. In many instances, especially in low income, urban settings, schools can be a war zone. We are not talking about minor bullying, but rather serious violence. Consider that in the last decade 284 kids were murdered due to school violence — these were shootings, stabbings, fighting and suicides. Growing up is tough enough without having to be worried about being killed while going to math class.

6. Materialism

We live in a society that promotes materialism and so we perpetuate this particular malady by instilling bad habits into our children. We teach our children that the measure of success and happiness in life is how much stuff you have. Kids naturally want things — especially if their friends have something similar. Unfortunately, there seems to be little restraint on accompanying guidance as we go about this. Essentially, we provide our kids with whatever they want that is within our financial ability to do so. The concept of "earning" what you get or the idea that something "you don't need" seem to have been lost and discarded. Is there really any wonder why the average adult is $15,000 in debt at any given time? We have a mentality of getting what we want and when we want it that has been ingrained in us since childhood. The unfortunate result is that there are devastating consequences for such continued behavior later in life.

5. Obesity

Our kids are fat and getting fatter. Recent numbers show that 20% of American children are obese. Not chubby — OBESE! Video games, TV, the Internet and fast food are partly to blame. Kids are spending more time sitting in front of a TV/computer screen than running around outside. This sedentary lifestyle has consequences. Socially, it's no secret that overweight kids are going to be subject to ridicule from their peers — it's sad, but nevertheless true. This can result in such issues as low self-esteem, depression, etc. Then there are the health concerns. High blood pressure, diabetes and other maladies that is associated with obesity. Psychologically and physically, obesity is an issue that can be resolved with a simple increase in activity and awareness.

4. Education Disparity

Education is important. Few people would dispute this well regarded fact. A good education (in comparison with a bad one) will provide a child with an increased chance of taking advantage of opportunities to be successful in life.

Unfortunately, some people have it better than other. This is not an issue of just one school being better than another school. Rather we are talking about whole classes of American children being denied a proper education that will prepare them to compete in a job market with their peers and have the same access to the American Dream. Disparity in educational quality is delineated by race and financial status. If you live in a poor neighborhood or are a minority, there is a good chance that the schools you attend are lacking many necessities. While Asians and Whites enjoy high graduating rates, African American and Latinos continue to lag behind. Not surprisingly, because job opportunities are lessen for dropouts, these two groups have the highest incarceration rates.

3. Shifting Economy

America used to sustain itself with making its own products through manufacturing and then turning around and selling those products. The economy is shifting to more of a service industry versus a manufacturing industry. In order to cut costs and keep product prices down companies are forced to outsource manufacturing to other countries. Other countries can produce products at much lower labor costs. Some companies have even begun to outsource call center jobs to keep labor costs down. Not only is America now having lower paying service jobs than the average blue-collar job with a sustainable income but our economy is now a global economy. For example, what happens in Japan or Iraq can drastically alter prices for our stock exchanges, gas/oil, and many other products. What exactly does this mean for our youth? The youth cannot graduate or even dropout of school without going through the pains of a low-income job. The jobs offered with no experience pay very little with very little room for pay increases. In fact, the competition to get a promotion can be fierce. In the past, your high school senior could graduate and go work at the local factory for the rest of his or her life and make a good living. They would not necessarily need to have a college education to survive. In fact, youth today will graduate from college with multiple degrees and still cannot find work that pays enough to sustain a decent lifestyle.

2. Poverty

The federal poverty level is $22,050 for a family of four. This equates to 21% of all children (15 million children) are considered in poverty. Just to cover basic expenses for a family of four you would need to have a salary of $45,000. This means that nearly 50% of our children are living in poverty. Half of those kids receive no government assistance because their parents earned more than $22,050 that year. According to the National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), that poverty is the single greatest threat to children's well-being. Poverty impedes learning and contributes to social and behavioral problems. And guess what? There is no income to counteract these problems. Mommy cannot afford a tutor or Daddy cannot afford a counselor. There is a huge opportunity for society to stop being so materialistic and in turn poverty wouldn't be such an issue because most children will all have the same things — things they need instead of what they want. This would decrease violence in schools because fewer kids would be teased.

1. Erosion of National Pride/Identity

If every year the Olympics were held, this probably wouldn't be a problem. This list is indicative of the fact that America (like any nation) has problems. The issue at hand is collective though amongst the people affected about how to deal with them. Unfortunately most folks tend to focus on their self and not the whole. We see these problems as affecting "them" and not "me/us" When we hear that America's children are the fattest among Western nations, this doesn't sting. When we learn that America's children lay educationally behind other industrialized nations, we don't cringe. There is very little sense of collective identity of people, as Americans. This is a result of children not being properly educated and guided.

Стр. 19, у пр.4 a)

"It takes up too much of my life" means that a person enjoys and loves that thing he is involved in.

"This is isolating" means the is state of being alone or to be dedicated to a particular thing and not develop in any other spheres.

"Find the idea disgusting" means that a person hates something a lot. "Freshman year" is the first year for students at colleges and universities. "Semi-agrees" means that a person reflects agreement but at the same time doesn't keeps a word.

"Overdose" is as if someone takes an overdose of a drug or alcohol, they take more of it than is safe.

"Overnights" means that if something happens overnight, it happens throughout the night or at some point during the night.

"Autonomy" is the control or government of a country, organization, or group by itself rather than by others.

Стр. 19, ynp.4 b)

— A; — С; — B; — D; — E.

Стр. 20, ynp.6

A suggested answer (some tips for the answer on the D letter). What do I do if I know or suspect my teenager is drinking?

Talk to them about your concerns, without accusing or arguing.

Ask them not to drink.

Suggest alternatives to your teenager, such as non-alcoholic beers, wines and cocktails.

If you or another parent drops off and picks up, you have control of what time they arrive and what time they go home.

Most underage drinking is done before and after the disco.

If your teenager knows they will have to face you or another adult at the end of the night they may drink much less, if at all. Things your teenager should know:

Drink slowly so their body has a chance to deal with the alcohol.

Eat before drinking to avoid getting drunk.

Use non-alcoholic mixers.

Use spacers not chasers — take a soft drink every second drink.

Mind themselves — they should not drink alone.

Mind their mates — do not leave friends alone if they are drinking. If the friend is in trouble, they should call a responsible adult or an ambulance if needed.

Prevention:

Parents generally wish to help their daughters and sons to avoid any of the problems which might arise from alcohol use or misuse. While the most effective way of avoiding alcohol problems is to avoid drinking alcohol, the majority of Irish young adults have taken an alcoholic drink before they are 21 years of age.

LESSON 6. FAMILY BREAKDOWN

Стр. 20, ynp.l

Life would be far too lonely otherwise. Moreover its human nature. We tend to group together in communes, usually for security and comfort. We are social creatures and crave contact. It just so happens that, on top of that, we have always had a strong defensive when it comes to our "tribe" or family and have developed familial bonds as well as basic ones.

The expression "traditional family" has in itself a substantial ambiguity. At least at first glance, in fact, the adjective "traditional" recalls the past, the family of yesterday, a type of family that in many ways no longer exists: the so called "extended" family with many children, grandparents that live under the same roof. The society we live in seems to have lost all interest in the family. And yet today, as never before, the quality of family relationships is decisive for the well being and happiness of individuals and for society itself.

Family breakdown is a great concern of the government. But the government can prevent it setting a particular policy. Social scientists consider it a national tragedy as children suffer most of all.

Стр. 20, упр.З

Anthropologist is a person who studies of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of humans.

Bureaucracy is a system of administration based upon organization into bureaus, division of labour, a hierarchy of authority, etc.: designed to dispose of a large body of work in a routine manner

Child rearing is the care, love, and guidance given by a parent Divorce is the legal dissolution of a marriage.

Government resources is something that can be used for support or help provided by the government.

Identity is the quality or condition of being the same as something else or the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity; individuality. Inner circle is an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose. Nursing home is a private establishment that provides living quarters and care for the elderly or the chronically ill.

Productive household is a domestic unit consisting of the members of a family who live together along with nonrelatives such as servants.

Values mean an amount, as of goods, services, or money, considered to be a fair and suitable equivalent for something else; a fair price or return.

Стр. 21, ynp.4 a)b) c) Listening.

Стр. 21, у пр.5 а) Ь) After listening exercises.

LESSON 7. FAMILY CLUES

Стр. 21, ynp.l a)

Yes, that was a funny English joke as usual.

Стр. 22, ynp.l b)

1. ...funny, it really happens every year.

2. ...is to celebrate different holidays.

3. ...to celebrate important holidays, all family gather together.

Стр. 22, ynp.2 a) b) c) Listening

Стр. 22, ynp.3 a)

All the bloggers are happy to share their traditions except of the first one because they are all proud of having united families with their own traditions inside of their families.

Стр. 24, ynp.4 a) b) c)

Family tradition ideas to get you started:

1. The birthday hat. Get a hat that is well suited to your family and make this the "official birthday hat." The idea is that each person wears it at their birthday dinner, whether that be at home or out in a restaurant. We have a rather large birthday hat in our family — it looks like a cake complete with big felt candles out of the top. It's ridiculously awesome.

2. Birthday cakes. Create the birthday boy or girl's favorite type of cake. Is it cheesecake, devil's food cake, or black forest cake? Or is it not even cake at all? Do they prefer pies, cookies, or cupcakes? Whatever it is, make their favorite treat an annual tradition for their birthday.

3. New job. When someone in your family gets a new job, a promotion, or a raise, create a tradition that they take you out for dinner. It doesn't have to be a fancy or expensive dinner — you can go for pizza or wraps.

4. Christmas dainty exchange. This is my favorite new tradition in our family. Christmas can be a very stressful time, but baking all those Christmas goodies doesn't have to add to it. Include as many or as few people as you want, and choose two to three items each to bake. Bake enough to share with everyone in your group and agree to a date when you'll meet up and exchange the goodies you've all made. I love this one for a couple of reasons. You get a huge variety of baked goods, and you don't have to spend weeks preparing Who doesn't want that?

5. New Year's fondue. This has been a tradition in my family for as long as I can remember. Every New Year's Eve we have a fondue at Mom and Dad's. It's a very fond memory for me, and now my husband and kids are included in it as well. It's a very slow way to eat a meal, and a great way to spend the evening with family.

6. Saturday mornings in bed. Choose a morning on the weekend to spend in bed with your family. You don't need to spend hours laying around, but 15 to 30 minutes is a nice length of time. Try having coffee, tea, or milk with a couple of cookies. Relaxing and taking a few minutes to connect with your family can be a great way to kick off a weekend.

7. Easter egg hunt. A classic tradition in many households around the world. I always looked forward to finding hidden goodies from around the house each year. It was always a lot of fun and the morning would be full of laughter. Even now, my mom and dad still hide Easter treats for us, and it will certainly be something we continue and share with our kids.

8. Potluck. This is a great way for extended family members to showcase their culinary talents. If you decide to do this monthly or bi-monthly, consider themes — make one night Mexican, and the next time Thai, followed by Italian. Theme nights can introduce you to a whole new world of cooking. Bring print-outs of the recipe so people can take it home with them.

9. Family Olympics. When the weather is nice, spend the day at the park, at the lake, or at the beach. Decide on sporting events for whole family — think bean bag toss, horseshoes, badminton, volleyball, and synchronized swimming. Create teams, or compete individually and have prizes for all participants.

10. Kick off summer with a BBQ. This is a great way to welcome the beautiful summer weather and BBQ season. Set up outside on the grass or on the deck, and have everything from fresh fruit and vegetables, water, hamburgers, hot dogs, potato salad, and ice cream. Have some games ready for kids like water balloon tosses, shoe scramble, and potato sack races.

Creating a feeling of unity, warmth and closeness with your family is priceless. There are no rules and there is no "right" way to do this. So take initiative, get creative, make it happen and most importantly have fun!

Стр. 24, ynp.5

Use the information from the Ex.4, page 24.

LESSON 7: GRANDMOTHER'S HOUSE

Стр. 25, ynp.l a)

The picture below shows the senses of perception: sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch.

Стр. 25, ynp.l b)

Sight: watch, illusion, telescope, attractive, lightning, shortsighted, shiny, visual, view, observe, binoculars, microscope, pattern, silhouette. Hearing: microphone, eavesdrop, hearing aid. Smell: smell, noise, stink, aroma, perfume. Taste: yummy, sour, delicious, tasteless, flavor, spicy, sweet. Touch: leather, goose bumps, cold, humid, blizzard, moist, texture, fingertips, fluffy, sticky, spiky, frost, linen, drizzle.

Стр. 27, ynp.2 b)

a) The family called the house the Grand Central Station because the house was always full of laughter and many cheers.

b) "Neighborhood gossip queen" is a person who collects gossips and tells them other people. "To baby" means to care people like child. "Special knack" means to possess a special quality to do everything perfect.

c) The sense of happiness: a very special place in my heart, she was always very active, she always had time for the ones she loved, soft voice, to baby us, the kind, gentle, caring, loving grandmother every child dreams about.

The sense of sadness: a very rough two years, I think that is what I miss most of all now that she has gone.

d) After grandmother died the protagonist find it difficult to go there, but time to time he stops there.

Стр. 28, ynp.4

1. "Grandmother's house" is a special place for many of us because this place is full of warmth, love and care.

2. My grandmother's house has a great place in my heart because I spent the whole childhood there and this place is a very influence on my life.

3. My grandmother's house is a very special place in my heart. This place is full of laughter and many cheers with the smell of hot freshly cooked breakfast on the table. A place where love, care and gentle attitude is felt. A place that full of joy and happiness. My grandmother's house will always remain in my heart.

Стр. 25, ynp.3 a)

1. I'm 16.

2. I'm good at communicating with people.

3. Emily

4. Этот e-mail адрес защищен от спам-ботов, для его просмотра у Вас должен быть включен Javascript

5. Trout

6. 27 La jolla St, San Diego, California

7. 16197718549

8. Yes, I'm a student.

9. My English is good.

10. I speak Spanish.

11. I can play the guitar, the piano, have a certificate in surfing.

12. USA

13. I love animals and I've been taking care of some pet.

Стр. 26, ynp.3 b) Стр. 26, ynp.4

LESSON 9: SPEAKING CONER

Стр. 28 упр.la)

I like board games because they are both entertaining and developing.

• I like to play with my family in monopoly and fortune board games.

• My favourite board game is monopoly.

Стр. 28, упр.lb)

I like this family tradition because this tradition unites the whole family. It is a bounding experience for family members of all ages and is a therapeutic way to relax through friendly competition and shared experience.

Project 10 STEPS TO A HAPPIER FAMILY

Стр. 29, упр. 1, Стр. 30, упр. 3

Our definition of 'family' has changed over the past few decades to include single parent, same-sex and blended families as well as the traditional family structure of two parents and their children living together. But what makes a family happy?

1. Communication

Families benefit from open two-way communication that is loving, understanding and patient. Suggestions include: Being honest with each other; Listening to each other with full attention; Staying in contact with each other ;

Reassuring each other of your love with words, cuddles and making time for each other;

Sharing thoughts and feelings without censuring or criticising each other;

Encouraging positive behavior; Allowing the expression of negative emotions as well as positive ones; Working together to solve problems and conflicts ; Laughing together.

2. Sharing activities

Happy families share activities together. Suggestions include: Share time together;

Make dinnertime an opportunity for round table family discussions; Play together; Go on regular family outings;

Decide as a group on important family 'traditions', such as how to celebrate birthdays and festive occasions;

Plan holidays that cater for the whole family.

3. Togetherness:

Children need to be involved in some of the decision making if they are to feel like a worthwhile family member. Happy families share a feeling of togetherness. This includes:

Sharing a common sense of belonging; Sharing beliefs that really matter; Enjoying the place we call home; Celebrating together; Sharing our memories.

4. Support:

Happy families support and encourage each other by: Looking out for each other; Sharing the load; Being there for each other;

5. Affection:

Happy families show their affection for each other in a variety of ways, including:

Telling family members how they feel about them; Showing their love for each other; Considering each other, including each other's feelings; Caring about each other; Doing things for each other.

6. Acceptance

Families are made up of different individuals with different needs and, sometimes, different values and beliefs. Happy families are able to show acceptance of these individual differences by: Accepting the differences; Giving each other space; Respecting each other's points of view; Being able to forgive each other; Each taking on their own responsibilities.

7. Commitment

Happy families have a genuine commitment to each other, which is shown through:

Feeling safe and secure with each other; Trusting each other; Keeping promises; Doing things for the community;

Having rules.