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Cities of the USA  

Washington, D. C. is the capital city of the United States of America, its political centre. 'D. С stands for the 'District of Columbia', the federal district containing the city of Washington. The city is named after George Washington. The centres of all three branches of the US federal government are in Washington, D. C, as well as the headquarters of most federal agencies. Washington also serves as the headquarters for the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the Organisation of the Monetary Fund among other international (and national) institutions. All of this has made Washington the frequent focal point of massive political demonstrations and protests. Washington is also the site of numerous national landmarks, museums, and sports teams, and is a popular destination for tourists.

New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, and the most densely populated city in North America. Located in the state of New York, New York City has a population of 8. 2 million people within an area of 830 km2. It is at the heart of the New York Metropolitan Area, which is one of the largest urban conglomerations in the world. The city comprises five boroughs: the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island.

The city is at the centre of international finance, politics, manufacturing, entertainment, and culture, and is one of the world's major global cities (along with London, Tokyo and Paris). It has a unique collection of museums, galleries, international corporations, and stock exchanges. The city is also home to the United Nations and all of the international missions associated with it.

New York City attracts large numbers of immigrants from over 180 countries, as well as many people from all over the United States, who come to the city for its culture, energy, cosmopolitanism, and by their own hope of making it big. New York City is home to more than 500 companies. If the city were a nation, it would have the 17th highest gross domestic product in the world, more than that of Switzerland and nearly equaling that of Russia.

New York is a city of great museums with the Metropolitan Museum of Art's collection of historic art, the Museum of Modern Art and Guggenheim Museum's 20th century collection, and the American Museum of Natural History and its Hayden Planetarium focusing on the sciences.

 

 Translate the following sentences into English.

1. Вашингтон, округ Колумбия — столица США, политический центр страны и место расположения центральных учреждений всех трех властей федерального правительства США, центральных офисов большинства федеральных учреждений.

2. В Вашингтоне часто проводятся крупные политические демонстрации и акции протеста.

3. Вашингтон — это также место, где находятся многочисленные достопримечательности страны, он популярен среди туристов.

4. Нью-Йорк — наиболее населенный город США и наиболее густонаселенный город Северной Америки, расположенный в штате Нью-Йорк внутри столичного района Нью-Йорк, который является одной из крупнейших городских конгломерации в мире.

5. Нью-Йорк — центр международной торговли, производства, развлечений, и один из глобальных городов мира.

6. Там находятся международные корпорации, фондовые биржи, Организация объединенных наций и связанные с ней международные организации.

7. Город привлекает большое число иммигрантов, которые приезжают туда, чтобы добиться успеха.

8. Валовой внутренний продукт города больше ВВП Швейцарии и почти равен ВВП России.

 

1. Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the USA, its political centre and home for the centres of all three branches of the US federal government and the headquarters of most federal agencies.

2. Washington is a frequent focal point of massive political demonstrations and protests.

3. Washington is also the site of numerous national landmarks, and is a popular destination for tourists.

4. New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the most densely populated city in North America, located in the state of New York, in New York metropolitan area, which is one of the largest urban conglomerations in the world.

5. New York is the centre of international finance, manufacturing, entertainment, and one of the world's global cities.

6. It is home to international corporations, stock exchanges, the United Nations and the international missions associated with it.

7. The city attracts many immigrants who come there to make it big.

8. The city's gross domestic product is more than that of Switzerland and nearly equals that of Russia.